Commemorating the birth of Lord Krishna, the festival of Janmashtami is celebrated with great ardor and enthusiasm all over India and even abroad. According to the great Indian epic, Mahabharata, Lord Krishna was born on the eighth day of the dark half of Hindu month, Shravana. Thus the festival of Janmashtami is observed on the eighth day after the full moon of Shravana. The first day of this majestic and colorful festival is called Krishnashtami or Gokulashtami and the second day is known as Kalastami or Janmashtami. As the cities of Mathura, Vrindavan and Dwarka have been associated with Lord Krishna himself, the festivities in these places are more fervent and splendiferous as compared to other places. The image of the infant Krishna is bathed in milk and is cradled at midnight, precisely the hour according to the legends Krishna was born in. The conch shell is blown and the devotees celebrate the birth of the great savior and the supreme soul who was born to enlighten and steer the human race towards righteousness.
Though different traditions and customs associated with the celebration of Janmashtami may slightly differ in different regions of the country, the spirit and the essence remain the same. On this auspicious day 'Ras Leela', depicting Krishna dancing and playing with the Gopis is held all throughout the country in which devotees participate with great zeal and ardor. Especially in Brij, Mathura & Vrindavan devotees and tourist from all across the country gather to witness the grandeur and the magnificence of the celebrations. In some parts of the north India and western India, Krishna Jayanti is celebrated for three days. On the second day of the festival 'Dahi Handi' is organized which is a popular custom, where the pot containing curd or butter or milk is broken by the youths. Singing Krishna chants and reading and recitation of the Bhagvata Geeta and Geet Govindam are some of the indispensable traditions of this festival.
Birth of Lord Krishna
Lord Krishna was born to bring an end to the tyrannical and savage king, kamsa as it was prophesized. Though, the date of birth of Krishna can't be stated with certainty but the Hindu scholars believe it to be somewhere between 3200 and 3100 BC. As described in the Hindu epic Mahabharata, it was the eighth day of the dark half of Shravana.
Janmashtami in Vrindavan & Mathura
Janmashtami is celebrated to commemorate the birth of one of the most revered Hindu gods Krishna, the eighth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Though, the festival of Janmashtami is celebrated all throughout the country with immense zeal. But, in Vrindavan and Mathura where this Hindu deity was born and spent his formative years the splendor and zeal surrounding the festivities is unmatched.
The festival of Janmashtami celebrating the birth of Lord Krishna on earth is one of the most important Hindu festivals and is celebrated with great gaiety and devotion. Observing the birth of one of the most revered Hindu gods, the eighth incarnation of Lord Vishnu, the festival of Janmashtami has been associated with innumerable customs and traditions. People observe fast without water
Janmashtami or Krishna Janmashtami celebrates the birth of Lord Krishna.